Information Center: Health, 1999

2 results

Results

J Roche, and A Benito
February 5, 1999

The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was assessed (1993 through 1995) among two different groups of persons on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. This study showed that parasitic infections in Equatorial Guinea represent a major health problem.

Ana Machuca, Vincent Soriano, Mayte Gutierrez, Africa Holguin, Antonio Aguilera, Estrella Caballero, and Gustavo Cilla
February 15, 1999

The first cases of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infection in Spain were identified in 1988, in 3 African immigrants living in Barcelona. Since then, up to December 1998, 92 individuals with HIV-2 infection have been reported in Spain. Most are adult men, infected through heterosexual contacts, originating from West African countries, and currently living in the largest urban Spanish cities. Fifteen individuals have developed AIDS, meanwhile the rest remain asymptomatic. For 22 subjects, HIV-2 subtyping was performed on proviral DNA, 16 being infected with subtype A (8 Spanish born and 8 African immigrants) and the remaining with subtype B (two Spanish born and 4 originating from Equatorial Guinea). Coinfection with HIV-1 was demonstrated in 9 individuals. In conclusion, HIV-2 is currently circulating in Spain with a low prevalence and without evidence for increase over time.

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