Information Center: Health

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Results

World Bank
February 6, 1992

Between 1969 and 1979, the health sector in Equatorial Guinea, like all other sectors, experienced Systematic degradation, disorganization and neglect. With donor support, the Government has since 1979 initiated efforts to revamp the health service activities. However, this attempt has so far proved insufficient to cori:ect the health system's fundamental weaknesses, and endemic tropical and parasitic diseases continue to be rampant, causing high morbidity and mortality. The Government is committedto improving the health indicators by strengthening health policy formulation and sector management, developing human resources, and increasing the capacity of the public health system to deliver basic health care services for the most vulnerable groups and the rural population. It has requested IDA assistance to help prepare a program.

UNICEF, and WHO
March 5, 2010

2010 data on the use of improved sanitation facilities in Equatorial Guinea as part of a joint monitoring programme by the World Health Organization and UNICEF

Ridl FC, Bass C, Torrez M, Govender D, Ramdeen V, Yellot L, Edu AE, Schwabe C, Mohloai P, Maharaj R, and Kleinschmidt I
June 29, 2008

Following the success of the malaria control intervention on the island of Bioko, malaria control by the use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLITN) was extended to Rio Muni, on the mainland part of Equatorial Guinea. This manuscript reports on the malaria vectors present and the incidence of insecticide resistant alleles prior to the onset of the programme.

Millet JP, de Olalla PG, Gascón J, Prat JG, Treviño B, Pinazo MJ, Cabezos J, Muñoz J, Zarzuela F, and Caylà JA
May 22, 2009

The objective of this study was to compare cases of imported malaria originating from the Spanish ex-colony of Equatorial Guinea (EG) with those originating from the rest of Africa (RA). Cases of imported malaria originating in Africa, are more likely to come from the Spanish ex-colony of EG, and VFR are more likely to be affected. It is recommended that developed countries promote prevention programmes, such as CP advice directed at African immigrants, and develop programmes of cooperation against malaria in their ex-colonies.

Cano J, Descalzo MA, Moreno M, Chen Z, Nzambo S, Bobuakasi L, Buatiche JN, Ondo M, Micha F, and Benito A
March 23, 2006

Malaria transmission changes from one country to another. Also, there are many differences between time and space in another country. The purpose of this study was to determine the geographic variability of entomoloical parameters.

J Roche, A Guerra-Neira, J Raso, and A Benito
May 6, 2003

From 1992-1999, we have assessed the therapeutic efficacy of three malaria treatment regimens (chloroquine 25 mg/kg over three days, pyrimethamine/sulfadoxine 1.25/25 mg/kg in one dose, and quinine 25-30 mg/kg daily in three oral doses over a four-, five-, or seven-day period) in 1,189 children under age 10 at Malabo Regional Hospital in Equatorial Guinea. Of those children, 958 were followed up clinically and parasitologically for 14 days. With chloroquine, the failure rate varied from 55% in 1996 to 40% in 1999; the early treatment failure rate increased progressively over the years, from 6% in 1992 to 30% in 1999. With pyrimethamine/sulfadoxine, the failure rate varied from 0% in 1996 to 16% in 1995. The short quinine treatment regimens used in 1992 and 1993 (4 and 5 days, respectively) resulted in significantly higher failure rates (19% and 22%, respectively) than the 7d regimen (3-5.5%). We conclude that: a) failure rates for chloroquine are in the change period (> 25%), and urgent action is needed; b) pyrimethamine/ sulfadoxine failure rates are in the alert period (6-15%), and surveillance must be continued; and c) quinine failure rates are in the grace period (< 6%), so quinine can be recommended.

J Roche, and A Benito
February 5, 1999

The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was assessed (1993 through 1995) among two different groups of persons on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. This study showed that parasitic infections in Equatorial Guinea represent a major health problem.

Harding S, Boroujerdi M, Santana P, and Cruickshank J
October 5, 2005

In preliminary data in Portugal, we found that African babies of migrant mothers were heavier than White Portuguese babies born in Lisbon. We investigate whether this pattern is replicated in the national data, and in addition the trends in birth weight in these groups. There has been a downward trend in birth weights in Portugal among both Portuguese and African term births, but average birth weights of the two groups were similar.

Guerra-Neira A, Rubio JM, Royo JR, Ortega JC, Auñón AS, Diaz PB, and Llanes AB
June 19, 2006

In this paper we analyse the Plasmodium sp. prevalence in three villages with different isolation status on the island of Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) where malaria is a hyper-endemic disease. We also describe the genetic diversity of P. falciparum, using several plasmodia proteins as markers which show a high degree of polymorphism (MSP-1 and MSP-2). The results obtained from three different populations
are compared in order to establish the impact of human movements and interventions.

Burattini MN, Massad E, and Coutinho FA
June 3, 1993

A mathematical model was used to estimate malaria transmission rates based on serological data. The model is minimally stochastic and assumes an age-dependent force of infection for malaria. The transmission rates estimated were applied to a simple compartmental model in order to mimic the malaria transmission. The model has shown a good retrieving capacity for serological and parasite prevalence data.

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