Information Center: Health

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Estefanía Custodio, et. al.
October 8, 2009

Malaria is a crippling disease within Equatorial Guinea. This article addresses the parasitaemia prevalent in this region and investigates the relative risk factors that are associated with this form of malaria, as well as substantive treatment that could be applied.

Cano J, Descalzo MA, Moreno M, Chen Z, Nzambo S, Bobuakasi L, Buatiche JN, Ondo M, Micha F, and Benito A
March 23, 2006

Malaria transmission changes from one country to another. Also, there are many differences between time and space in another country. The purpose of this study was to determine the geographic variability of entomoloical parameters.

Cano J, Berzosa P, de Lucio A, Descalzo MA, Bobuakasi L, Nzambo S, Ondo M, Buatiche JN, Nseng G, and Benito A
October 25, 2007

Malaria transmission in Equatorial Guinea and its space-time variability has been widely studied, but there is not much information about the transmission of malaria on the small island of Annobon. In 2004, two transversal studies were carried out to establish the malaria transmission pattern on Annobon and analyse the circulating Plasmodium falciparum allelic forms.

Brown RC
August 1, 1980

Political oppression in Third-World countries has been commonplace in recent decades. Their citizens may suffer not only from the direct effects of a totalitarian regime but also from the secondary effects of compromised social services. One of the most vulnerable services of a country is its system of medical care. The case of Equatorial Guinea shows how a good medical system can be almost completely destroyed by political upheaval.

Berzosa PJ, Cano J, Roche J, Rubio JM, García L, Moyano E, Guerra A, Mateos JC, Petrarca V, Rosario VD, and Benito A
June 27, 2002

This article discusses relevant information on malaria vectors found in Equatorial Guinea and provides detail about how researchers are studying the problem.

Antje Fischer, Pere P Simarro, Jose R Franco, Heiko Becher, and Dietmar Steverding
December 3, 2001

We tested sera from patients previously treated for human African trypanosomiasis, from patients infected with trypanosomes, and from individuals never diagnosed with African trypanosomiasis living in the Trypanosoma brucei gambiense sleeping sickness focus of Mbini in Equatorial Guinea for their trypanolytic activity against bloodstream forms of T. b. rhodesiense expressing a metacyclic and bloodstream variant surface glycoprotein (VSG). Nearly 80% of the sera from treated patients showed high trypanolytic activity against trypanosomes expressing a metacyclic VSG. These results suggest that trypanolytic activity of sera increases after African sleeping sickness and is directed against trypanosomes expressing metacyclic VSG.

Ana Machuca, Vincent Soriano, Mayte Gutierrez, Africa Holguin, Antonio Aguilera, Estrella Caballero, and Gustavo Cilla
February 15, 1999

The first cases of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infection in Spain were identified in 1988, in 3 African immigrants living in Barcelona. Since then, up to December 1998, 92 individuals with HIV-2 infection have been reported in Spain. Most are adult men, infected through heterosexual contacts, originating from West African countries, and currently living in the largest urban Spanish cities. Fifteen individuals have developed AIDS, meanwhile the rest remain asymptomatic. For 22 subjects, HIV-2 subtyping was performed on proviral DNA, 16 being infected with subtype A (8 Spanish born and 8 African immigrants) and the remaining with subtype B (two Spanish born and 4 originating from Equatorial Guinea). Coinfection with HIV-1 was demonstrated in 9 individuals. In conclusion, HIV-2 is currently circulating in Spain with a low prevalence and without evidence for increase over time.

Holguín A, Alvarez A, and Soriano V.
May 1, 2005

Genetic characterization of HIV-1 was carried out in two women who originated in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, respectively, and who were diagnosed more recently as HIV-1 seropositive in Madrid, Spain. Phylogenetic studies showed that the protease-encoding gene from both individuals clustered with subtype J sequences with a high bootstrap. However, env sequences clustered with subtypes A and C, respectively. This work represents the first characterization of HIV-1 containing subtype J-like genomic regions in Spain.

Paul Bugala
January 24, 2009

Despite increasing oil revenues, Equatorial Guinea's wealth has not directly benefited the vast majority of its people. In fact, the worsening of several indicators - such as the infant mortality rate and the status of civil liberties, in particular electoral freedom - are showing that conditions have worsened.

African Development Bank, African Union, UN Economic Commission for Africa
January 1, 2010

Presents time series data on African countries for a large number of economic, demographic, and development categories. Published in both English and French.

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