Incentives for Sustainable Hunting of Bushmeat in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea

Incentives for Sustainable Hunting of Bushmeat in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea

Noelle Francesca Kumpel January 1, 2006
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This cross-disciplinary study considers the complex and dynamic interactions between market, hunter, and prey along an entire bushmeat chain in continental Equatorial Guinea, thus enabling evaluation of the sustainability of the system under different policy scenarios.

"To date there have been very few empirical studies analysing the determinants of bushmeat consumption.  A study by Anstey (1991) describes changing consumption patterns and preferences for bushmeat in Liberia: preference for bushmeat in general decreased as consumption frequency decreased, as did preference for individual species as they became rarer.  These results suggest that preferences are not static but linked to consumption, which in turn may be linked to price or availability.  Conversely, Fa (2002a) found distinct differences in the preferences for different bushmeat species between the Fang and Bubi ethnic groups on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. For the Bubi, preference for and consumption of bushmeat species was linked to price and availability, as they generally could only afford the cheaper and more widely available bushmeat species.  For the Fang, there was a lack of correspondence between preferred and consumed meats. The authors attributed this to the fact that the Fang, having originated from the mainland, have historically been exposed to many more species, and therefore retain preferences for foods they no longer consume.  However, some Fang may still have been consuming their favoured species, either as imports from or on visits to continental Río Muni.  Traders from Bata’s Central Market reported during the current study that certain clients fly over from Bioko and request particular bushmeat species that are unavailable on the island, such as tortoises, crocodiles and red river hogs..."

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