Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in domestic livestock of Kogo and Mbini foci (Equatorial Guinea)

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in domestic livestock of Kogo and Mbini foci (Equatorial Guinea)

C Cordon-Obras et al. Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol 14 no 5 | May 1, 2009
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This article evaluates the Trypanosoma brucei gambiense infection and its possible implications for peri-domestic livestock from Kogo and Mbini foci (Equatorial Guinea).

"Equatorial Guinea has four historical HAT foci (Simarro et al. 1988): Kogo, Mbini and Campo on the mainland and Luba, which is now considered free of HAT, on Bioko island (Simarro et al. 2006). Since the mid-1980s, the incidence of HAT cases in the country has drastically fallen thanks to surveillance and control. Over the last years, only a few cases have been diagnosed in Kogo and Mbini foci, but elimination was not achieved despite control efforts against vectors and active screening of humans (Simarro et al. 2008).

In 2007, peri-domestic livestock of HAT-endemic localities from the Kogo and Mbini foci were screened for T. b. gambiense to investigate its possible role as reservoir of infection. Other animal trypanosomes were also identified and their correlation with T .b. gambiense was analysed..."

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